Russia Exam 3 Outline - 1. How and why did Khrushchev...

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1. How and why did Khrushchev institute de-Stalinization and what were its ramifications? Introduction De-Stalinization of the Government - Investigation of Stalin’s crimes and publishing of Lenin’s testament. - 20 th Congress & Secret Speech, Diatribe against Stalin - Anti-Party Group, Didn’t kill/exile the conspirators De-Stalinization of the Economy - Winding down and end of the Gulag, end of forced labor - Repealed draconian labour laws that had punished absenteeism and job changing in 1956. - Proposed to decentralize economic decision-making and create sovnarkhozy. De-Stalinization of Culture - Removal of Stalin’s names from cities; Stalingrad -> Volvograd (1961) - The Thaw, more freedom for writers/thinkers - Stalin’s body moved from Mausoleum to Kremlin Wall - Repealed ban on abortion in 1955 - Re-established several ethnic groups Conclusion 2. Should Khrushchev be remembered as a failure or a success? Introduction, Remembered as a failure. Successes - De-Stalinization, legacy of a not-all-powerful leader who could be disagreed with and not killed. - Repealed draconian labour laws that had punished absenteeism and job changing in 1956. - The Thaw, increase in freedom and explosion of cultural figure. - Lebanon incident, Foreign relations in mid east and against US increase Failures - Ill-thought out reforms (Education, Military, Wage, Religious, Agricultural) and 7 year plan - Factionalization of Communist movement w/ deteriorated Sino-Russian relations. - Foreign relationship failure with several other countries (Albania[De-stalinization], Yugoslavia[Falling out with Tito], US [shoe banging at U.N. and Cuban Missile]) - Agriculture vs Industrial division Conclusion 3. How fundamental were the differences between Khrushchev’s Russia and Stalin’s? Examine the most important examples of continuity and change following Stalin’s death. Introduction, They were fundamental. Continuities - Party still largely under the rule of one man, First Party Secretary - Society still under the control of the Communist Party - Discontinuities - Secret Police brought under control - Repealed draconian labour laws that had punished absenteeism and job changing in 1956.
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- Security of party members well being, as seen by Anti-Party Group Conclusion 4. Was the country that Brezhnev ruled from 1964 to 1982 basically stable? Identify and then assess the significance of the various strengths and weaknesses of the Soviet Union on the eve of the Gorbachev era. Introduction, Yes it was basically stable. Strengths showing stability - Secession was bloodless and relatively controlled - Military might had caught up and possibly surpassed U.S., included greater presence worldwide with a large clientele, largely successful up until mid 70s. -
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Russia Exam 3 Outline - 1. How and why did Khrushchev...

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