Russian History since 19177

Russian History since 19177 - Russian History since 1917...

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Unformatted text preview: Russian History since 1917 18:48 Opposition to Tsarism Alexander II assassinated Sot Revolutionaries (SRs) Marxists: Communist Manifesto Lenin: Personality & Theory o Strategy: What is to be done? Bolshevik Menshevik Split Liberals : Cadets & Octobrists Political Police (Okhrana) Nicholas II : Reluctant Tsar o Personality & Political Philosophy o Family: Empress Alexandra & Tsarevich Russo-Japanese War o Defeats -> Discontent, including conservative 1905 Revolution o Father Gapon: Petition to the Tsar (Jan. 9) Bloody Sunday -> Nationwide Unrest o October General Strike -> Oct. Manifesto o Soviet (Trotsky) -> December Uprising Backlash: Anti-Semetic Pogroms & Punitive expeditions o Some 600 peasants thought to be radicals executed Constitutional Experiment o Electoral system; Performance of Dumas o Stolypin Land Reforms: Wager on the Strong Allowed you to inherit land Encouraged peasants to have a stake Allowed you to consolidate of all peasants lands were inheritable Only 10% were consolidated o Attempt on Stolypins life in 1910 Survived, but daughter injured o Stolypin assassinated the following year at an opera house o Economic Growth Labor Unrest: Lena Goldfields Massacre (4/12) Took place in Siberia Horrible conditions April 1912 gold workers go on strike Employer calls in military to force workers back into work A couple hundred are killed World War 1: o Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated in Sarajevo. o Euorpe divided into Armed camps o Trouble in the Balkans o Eastern Front: Unprepared-> Military setbacks o Russia allies with Prussia and Austria o Russia loses 2 million men o Men very unequipped o Serious discontent brewing o Tsar Nicholas II remains at front line and entrusts powers to his wife, Empress Alexandra. Wise? o Rasputin, mystic and close family friend of the royal family, had a lot of influence. o Paul Miliukov, leader of the Kadets, gave a speech criticizing the current government and Rasputin. o Rasputin lured to a party by Prince Felix Yusupov where he was shot in the head and then thrown into a canal. February Revolution o All of the educated society wants to get rid of the Tsar o Large demonstrations at the capital. (Feb 23-26) o Tsar Nicholas calls on army for protection-> Mutiny (feb. 27) o Shots fired into the crowds o Tsar Nicholas abdicates (Mar. 3); Brother refuses crown o Nicholas II put under house arrest to protect him Interpretations: Optimists vs. pessimists DUAL POWER Provisional Government: Lvov, Miliukov Power is limited o...
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This note was uploaded on 05/19/2011 for the course CHEM 51615 taught by Professor Fatima during the Spring '11 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Russian History since 19177 - Russian History since 1917...

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