- Episode 6 Manufacturing Flow Processes Manufacturing Flow Processes Key Questions What does manufacturing involve How does manufacturing relate

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Episode 6 Manufacturing Flow Processes
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Manufacturing Flow Processes – Key Questions What does manufacturing involve? How does manufacturing relate to SCM? What manufacturing options exist? 2
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Part 1 Foundation Concepts
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What are Production and Manufacturing? Production is the process by which inputs are combined, transformed, and turned into outputs. We can produce both goods and services. Manufacturing : to transform or process materials into a finished product, especially by means of a large-scale industrial operation. inputs outputs Transformation
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Why are inputs and outputs relevant to manufacturing? There are three key production decisions that all firms must make: Which transformation processes to use 2. How much output to create 1. How much of each input is required 3.
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What are these production components? An INPUT is a resource used in the creation of output. Transformed resources are treated, transformed or converted in some way. The transformed resources which operations take in are usually a mixture of materials, information and customers. Transforming resources – the resources that act upon the transformed resources. Facilities and staff are the two types of transforming resources.
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What are these production components? TRANSFORMATION is the operation or action that takes place. Think of it as the ―verb‖ in manufacturing forming, painting, assembling, packaging are all examples of transformation or conversion processes. We are going to focus on the manufacturing aspects of transforming inputs, but realize that this process also takes place in service operations.
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What are these production components? An OUTPUT is what is created by transforming the inputs. They may be goods, services, information, or a combination of the three. Examples of output goods include: Finished products Individual parts Semi-processed materials
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Manufacturing flows – what are the options? Primary Options Job Production Continuous Production Batch Production Batch production is a manufacturing method used to produce product in groups or batches. All components are completed at a workstation before they move to the next one. Benefits • Production line flexibility • Small volume flexibility Drawbacks • Changeover down time BAKING BREAD Continuous production is a manufacturing method used to produce product without interruption. There is no discrete rate at which goods are produced as a steady flow of goods move through the process. Benefits • Automation = high volume • Fewer errors = lower cost Drawbacks • Expensive to initiate REFINING OIL Job production involves creating one-off or custom products for specific clients. Project oriented option
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This note was uploaded on 05/19/2011 for the course BUSINESS MKT taught by Professor Johnston during the Spring '11 term at Missouri State University-Springfield.

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- Episode 6 Manufacturing Flow Processes Manufacturing Flow Processes Key Questions What does manufacturing involve How does manufacturing relate

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