ie 154 notes - Management Information Systems Notes Lecture...

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Management Information Systems Notes Lecture 2 September 2005 * These notes are for class use only. They were created from several research and academic references. Any use of these notes for making profit is not permitted.
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2 Introduction to the Computer-Based Information System INFORMATION MANAGEMENT Five Main Resources: A manager is required to manage five main types of resources effectively: Personnel Material Machines (including facilities and energy) Money Information (including data) INTEREST IN INFORMATION MANAGEMENT 1. Increasing complexity of business activity International economy Firms of all sizes are subject to economic influences that can originate anywhere in the world. Such influences can be seen in the relative values of the currencies of each nation, where purchases are made in those countries with the highest currency value. Worldwide competition Competition exists on a worldwide scale. Its effects can be seen in the imports from foreign countries. Increasing complexity of technology Technology is used everywhere in business. Examples are bar code scanners, computer based airline reservation systems, automated teller machines, factory robots . .etc. Shrinking time frames All phases of business operations are performed more rapidly than ever } } Physical Conceptual
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3 before. (telemarketing, electronic sales orders, “just in time “ delivery of raw materials . .etc) Social constraints Some products and services are found undesirable by society. Therefore, business decisions must be based on economic factors, but social costs and payoffs must be considered as well. Plant expansion, new products, new sales outlets and similar actions must all be weighed in terms of their environmental impact. 2. Improved computer capabilities Size Speed Today’s users, have keyboard terminals or microcomputers in their offices. Many of the micros are connected to other computers in a network and users know how to use them. WHO ARE THE INFORMATION USERS? Managers The idea of using the computer as a management information system was a breakthrough because it recognized managers’ need for problem solving information. Embracing the MIS concept made several firms develop applications specifically aimed at management support. Non-managers Non-manages and staff specialists also use the MIS output. Persons & organizations in the firm’s environment Users outside the company benefit from the MIS as well. They can be customers receiving invoices, stockholders getting dividend checks, and the federal government checking tax reports.
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4 Management Levels Strategic Planning Level The strategic planning level involves mangers at the top of the organizational hierarchy. The term strategic indicates the long-term impact of top managers’ decisions on the entire organization. The term executive is often used to describe a manager on the strategic planning level.
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ie 154 notes - Management Information Systems Notes Lecture...

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