Into to Info Sys Lec 3 - Project Management and...

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Unformatted text preview: Project Management and Introduction to Systems Analysis ERLJ/EGA IE 154 Lecture 3 Objectives Define the terms project and project management , and differentiate between project and process management. Describe causes of failed information systems and technology projects. Describe basic competencies required of project managers. Describe basic functions of project management. Differentiate between PERT and Gantt as project management tools. Objectives Define systems analysis and relate it to the scope definition, problem analysis, requirements analysis, logical design, and decision analysis phases. Describe a number of systems analysis approaches for solving business system problems. Describe scope definition, problem analysis, requirements analysis, logical design, and decision analysis phases in terms of information system building blocks. Describe scope definition, problem analysis, requirements analysis, logical design, and decision analysis phases in terms of purpose, participants, inputs, outputs, techniques, and steps. Identify those chapters in this textbook that can help you learn specific systems analysis tools and techniques. 4-4 Projects and Project Managers Project – a [temporary] sequence of unique, complex, and connected activities having one goal or purpose and that must be completed by specific time, within budget, and according to specification. Project manager- the person responsible for supervising a systems project from initiation to conclusion 4-5 Project Management and Process Management Project management – the process of scoping, planning, staffing, organizing, directing, and controlling the development of an acceptable system at a minimum cost within a specified time frame. Process management – the activity of documenting, managing, and continually improving the process of systems development. 4-6 Measures of Project Success The resulting information system is acceptable to the customer. The system was delivered ―on time.‖ The system was delivered ―within budget.‖ The system development process had a minimal impact on ongoing business operations. 4-7 Causes of Project Failure Failure to establish upper-management commitment to the project Lack of organization’s commitment to the methodology Taking shortcuts through or around the methodology Poor expectations management Feature creep – uncontrolled addition of technical features to a system. Scope creep – unexpected and gradual growth of requirements during an information systems project. 4-8 Causes of Project Failure (cont.) Premature commitment to a fixed budget and schedule Poor estimating techniques Overoptimism Inadequate people management skills Failure to adapt to business change Insufficient resources Failure to “manage to the plan” 4-9 Project Manager Competencies Business awareness Business partner orientation Commitment to quality...
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Into to Info Sys Lec 3 - Project Management and...

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