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F09 Bio1010 Exam Microbiology

Regulating passage of wastes outside of the cell site

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Unformatted text preview: of the above statements in A through C are stated in the cell theory. A, B and C. 48. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of all living organisms? A. B. C. D. E. Genetic information directs the synthesis of proteins. Genetic information is passed to the next generation. DNA is present, contained within a nucleus. Energy is obtained from the surrounding environment. Populations of organisms change over generations. Bacteria & archaea lack a nucleus. 49. All of the following are part of the endomembrane system EXCEPT: A. B. C. D. the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). the nuclear envelope. the plasma membrane. the Golgi complex. 14 50. Each of the statements below describes evidence that supports the endosymbiotic theory (i.e., mitochondria and chloroplasts descended from bacteria), EXCEPT: A. The organelles each contain their own circular DNA. B. Ribosomes are present in these organelles, and resemble bacterial ribosomes rather than ones found in the eukaryotic cytosol/endoplasmic reticulum. C. These organelles are similar to bacteria in terms of size and morphology. D. These organelles can survive and reproduce on their own after being removed from a eukaryotic cell. E. Electron transport occurs in membranes of the organelles similar to electron transport on bacterial plasma membranes. 51. Which of the following statements (in A through D) is/are true regarding metabolism? A. Many reactions are oxidation ­reduction (redox) reactions. B. Reactions in both cellular respiration and photosynthesis require the direct absorption of light photons to occur. C. Individual organisms carry out photosynthesis or cellular respiration, but not both. D. Metabolic reactions occur in eukaryotes, but not in bacteria. E. More than one of the above statements is true. 52. Energy flow accor...
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