Female Physiology 2nd Midterm

Female Physiology 2nd Midterm - Pregnancy...

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Pregnancy 22:51 For first midterm class results: average: 32.3 and mean: 32.5 A: 90% or higher B-/c+: mean/average >50% to “pass” The Big Picture 6 million pregnancies in the us (3.5 million live births 50% are unplanned 3% breech deliveries 25% cesarean deliveries Prenatal Health o Zygote: single fertilized cell o Embryo: up to 8 weeks, until the end of the second month, unformed,  looks like fish, tadpole, mammal… theeen human mammal… o Fetus: 9 weeks plus, a humanish organism o Pre-natal care Medical Check-up Blood sugar levels: diabetes High blood pressure seizure disorders Nutrition
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o 400 micrograms Folic Acid Environment o What are they?  Pesticides Fertilizer o Where are they? Home Work o When am I most at risk? Running (first trimester, it’s totally ok. Third trimester, noo way.) Fertilizer and Pesticides (bad in the first trimester, any irritation that can  interfere with DNA, than in the third trimester) o Timing is everthing Damage to gametes Fertilized egg/early embryo “all or nithing” period  2-3 weeks post fertilization developing fetus Things to avoid o Alcohol: Controversial, can lead to fetal alcohol syndrome o Smoking: low birth weight, placental abruption, miscarriage and fetal death o Mercury: avoid shark, sword fish, mackerel <12 ounces other fish per week  (shrimp, salmon, Pollock, light tuna)
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o X-Rays, microwaves, hot tubs and saunas, lead, vitamin A o Drugs-legal: caffeine,e NSAIDs, aspirin (moderate risks), tetracycline,  streptomyocinAccutane (anti-ace) – “worse than thalidomide” o Antidepressants: SSRIs considered safe (not Paxil) some PPHN, Tricyclics  considered safe, MAOIs not safe secere PH and stroke o Drugs (illegal): Cocaine derivatives, heroin. (premature labor, intrauterine  growth retardation, preeclampsia, neonatal death/drug withdrawal),  injected opiates (HIV, hepatitis) Discussion Topics  (health care discussion, whomever is involved in process) o Nutrition/diet o Rest o Travel o Premature labor o Fetal movement o Breast care/breast feeding o Anesthesia o Type of delivery o Circumcision o Weight o Cumulative weight gain o Gestational age (wks) o S-F height (symphysis-fundus) o Position o Urine: protein, glucose o Blood pressure
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o Alpha fetoprotein o Risk assessment Progression THE BIG PICTURE o Due date: 38 weeks post-conception o Calculate: 1 st  day of LMP + 9 months + 7 days o 5% deliver on due date, 5-% within 10 days Conception Egg (ovum) travels down the Fallopian tube and encounters Sperm (girl  meets boy) Genetic sex determinded by sex chromosomes xx=female xy=male o Diet studies unfounded and inconclusive. o
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This note was uploaded on 05/19/2011 for the course BIO 80A taught by Professor Zavanelli during the Spring '07 term at UCSC.

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Female Physiology 2nd Midterm - Pregnancy...

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