4 Dec Overview of Archaeology • What are several reasons we would still do archaeology on societies after they begin providing a written record? o Even if societies have writing, we still study them in archaeology because the writing doesn’t capture the mundane, cultural details of their society o Day to day life is not captured, and that is key to archaeology o Gain much of this day to day life in the form of artifacts • What are ethnoarchaeology and taphonomy and why are they important to interpreting the archaeological record. o Ethnoarchaeology - The study of the way present-day societies use artifacts and structures and how these objects become part of the archaeological record o Taphonomy - The study of the various processes that objects that undergo in the course of becoming part of the fossil and archaeological records o Capture the mundane, cultural details and processes of their society • Why is context more important than finding artifacts? o
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