Ripasso dell’imperfetto, passato prossimo, ed il futuro
: So, for all of you who might
have forgotten the past or aren’t too sure as to what to do, here is a review that you all
can keep as part of your notes for further reference. The “passato prossimo” and the
“imperfetto” are unavoidable, especially the further you go along in Italian; so, hopefully
this will help you remember.
: This is the past tense and it is understood in the following terms:
transitive or intransitive. What does that mean? Intransitive indicates verbs of motion in
that the entire body has to physically move in order to complete the action of the verb.
These verbs, like andare, venire, partire, morire, etc., require that the whole body move in
order to complete the action. These verbs have the auxiliary verb of “essere”. Because
these verbs require “essere” as their auxiliary they MUST agree in number and gender
(you all know why, too; essere is the verb of being; it describes the individual/group; it
tells who you are). Here are some examples for practice:
Io, ieri, (andare)__________________________________ alla partita di calico.
Mia madre (venire)__________________________ dall’aeroporto molto tardi.
Mio fratello (nascere)__________________________________ dopo di me.
(Uscire-noi)______________________________________ alle tre.
A che ora voi (partire)__________________________________ per l’Italia l’anno
Le ragazze______________________________________(rimanere) a casa.
Transitive verbs, on the other hand, are verbs of non-motion, verbs like: capire, dire, fare,
scrivere. These verbs don’t require the entire body to “physically move”, the entire body,
in order to complete the action of the verb. These verbs require an auxiliary verb of
“avere”. Because “avere” means to have and not “to be”, the past participle does not have
to agree in number and gender. They have only one conjugation. Here are some examples
Io (comprare)___________________________________ una macchina nuova.
Luisa (sentire)___________________________________le notizie buone.
Noi (decidere)_____________________________________di non andare al mare