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1_sci_f03 - published Components of the Scientific Method...

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Psychology as Science
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Ways of knowing : Tenacity – repetitiveclaims (adverts). Authority – font of truth (dictionary). Experience- direct observation (Tampa weather is hot). Reason & Logic – deduction (Men arestupid, Mike is a man. Therefore Mikeis stupid). Science– set of procedures to providea convincing argument.
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Tenacity – repetitiveclaims (adverts).
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Authority – font of truth (dictionary).
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Experience- direct observation (Tampa weather is hot).
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Reason & Logic – deduction (Men arestupid, Mikeis a man. ThereforeMikeis stupid).
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Science – set of procedures to providea convincing argument.
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Review Ways of Knowing: Tenacity Authority Experience Reason & Logic
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Components of the Scientific Method Objectivity – freefrombias (multiplechoicevs. essay) Quantification – numbers (72 inches) Replication – study is repeated (SAT & GPA) Self-Correction – sharedata (rebuttals are
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Unformatted text preview: published) Components of the Scientific Method • Control 1- By manipulation of things of interest (amount of drugs or training). 2- By elimination of unwanted factors (random assignment). Components of the Scientific Method The scientific method rocks: ROCQS Replication, objectivity, control, quantification, self-correction The Psychological Experiment • Independent Variable – the cause (reinforcement schedule) • Extraneous Variables – nuisance variables (sex of experimenter) • Dependent Variable – the effect (rats caught per hour) Example Study • Brannick & Gordon want to know if Powerpoint is better than chalk for lecture. Brannick uses Powerpoint in his class (RM), and Gordon uses chalk for his class (RM). They look at the distribution of exam scores to see whether one class does better than another. • IV? DV? Extraneous variable?...
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