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badapa - RUNNING HEAD Effects of APA Style on Undergraduate...

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RUNNING HEAD: Effects of APA Style on Undergraduate Stress The Effects of Learning APA Style on State Measures of Undergraduate Stress Vegetative State University Ivanna D. Ploma There at least 20 errors in APA style in this manuscript. List as many as you can.
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Abstract 24 upper division psychology students were either taught fundamental elements of APA style or forced to watch reruns of Three's Company and their subjective stress levels were measured. Subjects were administered the state portion of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Spielberger, et al. 1983) both before and after instruction and control conditions to measure stress response. State anxiety increased significantly from pre-test to post-test, with male subjects showing the greatest increase in anxiety level. No change in anxiety level was observed in the control group. Consistent with other studies on learning and stress, this study supported the theory that the learning of large amounts of new information is related to increased anxiety in college students.
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The Effects of Learning APA Style on State Measures of Undergraduate Stress Introduction A number of studies have examined the stressful effects of learning large amounts of new material over a short period of time (Bogus, Phake, Ersatz, & Foney, 1941; Flintstone & Rubble, 3,000 BC; Freud, 1923; PhaKce, Bogus, Kneebiter, & Smallberries, 1944, Smith & Wesson, 1885), a phenomenon known as the crunch effect (Smith & Wesson, 1885). Findings regarding this effect have been generally robust, especially in the field of mathematics (e.g. Bogus, et al., 1941), which has been found to consistently facilitate the development of stress. However, little research has been done on the subject
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