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naming-review - 50 Ways to Name Your Compound All of the...

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50 Ways to Name Your Compound All of the compounds that you will be asked to name consist of two parts… Part 1 Part 2 Example Rule Metal (single valent) Non-metal NaCl, sodium chloride Name both parts, ends in -ide (or ammonium) Polyatomic ion CaCO 3 calcium carbonate Name both parts Metal (multivalent) Non-metal CuCl, copper(I) chloride Name both parts, ends in -ide, add valence after metal Polyatomic ion Fe 2 (CO 3 ) 3 iron(III) carbonate Name both parts, add valence after metal (Latin/old) Non-metal or Polyatomic ion Fe 2 (CO 3 ) 3 , CuCl ferric carbonate, cuprous chloride Metal has Latin name (ic for higher valence, ous for lower) Non-metal Non-metal CO 2 carbon dioxide Use Greek prefix system (mono- not used for 1 st element) Hydrogen Non-metal HCl hydrogen chloride If not aqueous, name hydrogen and non-metal (ending in -ide) HCl(aq) hydrochloric acid If aqueous, “hydro” + non-metal + “ic acid” Hydrogen Polyatomic ion H 2 SO 4 sulphuric acid Name polyatomic ion (ending is -ic instead of -ate or -ous instead of -ite), add “acid” Note: no special naming is given for bases. These are considered as a metal + polyatomic ion (OH
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