4-18-Psychopathology2 - Psychopathology II Psychopathology...

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1 Psychopathology II Psychopathology I • Defining Abnormal Behavior Psychological Disorders Anxiety Disorders • Somatoform Disorders • Dissociative Disorders • Mood Disorders • Schizophrenic Disorders • Personality Disorders Anxiety Disorders Panic Disorder – Recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety that usually occur suddenly and unexpectedly – Often leads to agoraphobia – Onset usually late teens or early adulthood
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2 Anxiety Disorders Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder – Persistent, uncontrollable intrusions of unwanted thoughts ( obsessions ) and urges to engage in senseless rituals ( compulsions ) Obsessions often focus on inflicting harm on others, personal failures, suicide, or sexual acts Compulsions involve rituals that temporarily relieve anxiety – 2.5% of the population; most emerge before age 35 Etiology of Anxiety Disorders Biological factors – Genetic predisposition b higher concordance in MZ than in DZ twins – MZ = ~35% – DZ = ~15% GABA circuits in the brain Conditioning and Learning – Phobias are acquired through classical conditioning Preparedness – Maintained through operant conditioning Conditioning of Phobias
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3 Psychopathology I • Defining Abnormal Behavior Psychological Disorders • Anxiety Disorders Somatoform Disorders • Dissociative Disorders • Mood Disorders • Schizophrenic Disorders • Personality Disorders Somatoform Disorders Somatoform disorders are physical ailments that cannot be fully explained by organic conditions and are largely due to psychological factors – this is not simply faking illness even though symptoms may be imaginary Major Types: Somatization Disorder Hypochondriasis Conversion Disorder Somatization Disorder is marked by a history of diverse physical complaints that appear to be psychological in origin Hypochondriasis is an excessive preoccupation with health concerns and incessant worry about developing physical illnesses Somatoform Disorders
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4 Conversion Disorder is a significant loss of physical function (with no apparent organic basis) usually in a single organ system • Usually more severe ailments than those with somatization disorders • Loss of vision, hearing, feeling, or limb function • Severe laryngitis or mutism Somatoform Disorders glove anesthesia – the entire hand from fingertips to wrist becomes numb Cannot be accounted for by nerve damage Glove Anesthesia Etiology of Somatoform Disorders • Biological Predisposition? • Personality Factors
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This note was uploaded on 05/23/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 1101 taught by Professor Parks,nate during the Spring '08 term at Georgia Tech.

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4-18-Psychopathology2 - Psychopathology II Psychopathology...

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