4-7-Intelligence1 - Intelligence I Individual Differences...

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1 Intelligence I Individual Differences Individual Differences – the way in which people differ in their behavior Types of Individual Differences: Inter-individual differences- differences between individuals or groups E.g., gender differences, race differences, age differences Intra-individual differences- Differences within an individual Psychometrics: Concerned with measurement of behavior and capacities through the development of psychological tests Individual Differences Design of tests to assess personality, intelligence, and other abilities. Also concerned with the development of new statistical techniques.
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2 Tests of Individual Differences Mental Ability Tests – measure or describe an individual’s general mental ability or intellectual potential. 3 broad categories : achievement, aptitude, intelligence Personality Tests – Measure various aspects of personality including motives, interests, values, and attitudes – More than 500 different tests Mental Ability Tests Achievement – Gauge a person’s mastery and knowledge of various subject Intelligence – Measure general mental ability – Intellectual potential rather than accumulated knowledge Aptitude – Assess specific types of mental abilities – Break mental ability into separate components Intelligence I Issues in Mental Testing • Intelligence Testing • Reliability & Validity of Intelligence Tests
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3 Issues in Mental Testing • Measurement – The Normal Distribution – The Correlation Coefficient • Reliability • Validity Normal Distribution • The normal distribution is a symmetric, bell- shaped curve that represents the pattern in which many human characteristics are dispersed in the population The Normal Distribution
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4-7-Intelligence1 - Intelligence I Individual Differences...

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