4-14-Personality2 - Lecture Outline Chapter 15: Approaches...

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1 1 Lecture Outline • The unconscious • Developmental theory • Identity formation – Ego – Id – Superego • Defense Mechanisms • Other psychodynamic theories Chapter 15: Approaches to Personality – Psychodynamic 2 Psychodynamic Approach There’s more to personality than stable attributes Substantial portion of who we are operates outside of our awareness, in the background of the mind (a.k.a. the unconscious ) – Only have momentary glimpses at our unconscious, when hidden (repressed) thoughts emerge • Dreams • Slips of the tongue (a.k.a. Freudian slips) • Jokes/humor – Unconscious thoughts (e.g., goals, primitive desires, emotions) are masked for our own protection • Unconscious thoughts violate social norms & are a source of inner tension 3 Psychodynamic Approach Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) – Developed psychoanalytic technique of psychotherapy – Work was quite controversial His theory on personality emerged after years of treating hysteria patients – Psychosomatic symptoms created by unresolved sexual conflicts from childhood Proposed that personality developed in stages ( Psychosexual development ) Personality defined by 3 components ( id, ego, ) Freud put a particularly strong focus on aggressive and sexual impulses ( libido ) as motives for behavior
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2 4 Lecture Outline • The unconscious Developmental theory • Identity formation – Ego – Id – Superego • Defense Mechanisms • Other psychodynamic theories Chapter 15: Approaches to Personality – Psychodynamic 5 Stage theory of psychosexual (libido) development Oral Stage (1 st 18 months of life) – Child seeks pleasure by placing things in mouth (sucking/biting) – Unresolved = oral fixation b adult oral character (passive dependent) Anal Stage (Ages 2-3) – Child finds fulfillment in mastering control over bodily functions – Unresolved = anal retentive b adult anal character (stubborn/withholding) Phallic Stage (Ages 4-5) – Child has increased interest in genitals and difference between parents – Unresolved = dislike of same-sex parent ( Oedipus/Electra complex ) b adult insubordinate character (hostility directed toward dominant figures) Latency Stage (Ages 6-12) – Child is sexual repressed and does not have a specific conflict to resolve Genital Stage (Puberty) – Adolescent shows increased interest in sexual expression and intimacy – Unresolved = inappropriately expressive b adult promiscuous character 6 Controversy surrounding Freud’s work Freud’s patients were middle-aged, well-to-do women Against social norms to accept responsibility for personal failings – Spontaneous emergence of child sexual abuse – Interpreted as discovery of childhood sexual impulses Abuse actually fantasy or hidden desires of patients
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4-14-Personality2 - Lecture Outline Chapter 15: Approaches...

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