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3-24-SocialDevelopment1 - Social Development Social...

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1 Social Development Social Development • There is more to human develop- ment than growing physically and cognitively • We also develop in our relations and interactions with other people barb2right social development Social Development Attachment • Patterns of Attachment • Imprinting • Socialization • Development of Morality
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2 Attachment Social development begins with the close emotional bond that develops between infant and primary caregiver (mother) barb2right this is known as attachment All infants form attachments, but the quality of attachment varies Cupboard Theory of Attachment Freud believed that infants developed an attachment to their mothers because the mother provided them with food barb2right cupboard theory There are a number of problems with cupboard theory Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment John Bowlby criticized cupboard theory Bowlby argued that it was not simply the food and warmth provided by a mother that lead to attachment John Bowlby Bowlby’s theory of attachment proposed that infants find social interaction intrinsically rewarding
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3 Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment Infants get pleasure from contact but also fear the unfamiliar Built-in fear mechanism serves as a survival tool • Infants lacking it are less likely to survive General – infants have not yet learned specific dangers John Bowlby Harlow’s Surrogate Mothers • Studies by Harry Harlow provided evidence in favor of Bowlby’s theory of attachment Harry Harlow and friend Harlow’s Surrogate Mothers Harlow raised newborn rhesus monkeys without their mothers Monkeys lived in a cage with two wire-frame surrogate mothers 1. covered in terry-cloth 2. wire, but with nipple/milk
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4 Harlow’s Surrogate Mothers Monkeys spent much more time with the terry-cloth
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