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4-23-Treatment - Treatment of Psychopathology Treatment of...

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1 Treatment of Psychopathology Treatment of Psychopathology Treatments, Clients, & Therapists Insight Therapies Behavior Therapies Biological Therapies Who Seeks Treatment? 15% of U.S population in a given year Most common presenting problems • Anxiety and Depression Women more than men Medical insurance Education level
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2 Who Seeks Treatment? Who Provides Treatment? Psychologists Clinical Psychologists – trained to deal with full- fledged disorders Counseling Psychologists – trained to deal with everyday adjustment problems – Tend to use insight or behavioral approaches Psychiatrists – Physicians trained to diagnose and treat psychological disorders – More likely to use drug therapies and psychoanalysis Other Mental Health Professionals clinical social workers psychiatric nurses counselors Who Provides Treatment?
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3 Treatment of Psychopathology Treatments, Clients, & Therapists Insight Therapies Behavior Therapies Biological Therapies Insight Therapies Insight therapies involve verbal interactions intended to enhance clients’ self-knowledge and thus promote healthful changes in personality and behavior Major Approaches: Psychoanalysis Cognitive Therapy Group Therapy Psychoanalysis Psychoanalysis is an insight therapy that emphasizes the recovery of unconscious conflicts, motives, and defenses Sigmund Freud and followers Goal : discover unresolved unconscious conflicts
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4 Psychoanalysis Methods Free Association : clients spontaneously express thoughts and feelings exactly as they occur without censorship Dream Analysis : the therapist interprets the symbolic meaning of clients’ dreams Transference : when clients unconsciously start relating to their therapist in ways that mimic critical relationships in their lives Psychoanalysis Issues Interpretation: the therapist’s attempt to explain the inner significance of the clients’ thoughts, feelings, memories, and behaviors – Slow process Resistance: largely unconscious defense maneuvers intended to hinder the progress of therapy
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