4-2-Emotion - 1 Social Influences (cont.) &...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Social Influences (cont.) & Emotion Social Influences Group Behavior Group Behavior A group consists of two or more individuals who interact and are interdependent Features of most groups: Roles Norms Communication Structure Power Structure 2 Group Behavior Changes in behavior due to the presence of a group behavior can be categorized into social facilitation and social inhibition Group Behavior In a given situation, individuals within a group act much differently than when they are alone Bystander Effect people are less likely to provide needed help when they are in groups than when they are alone The Bystander Effect Real World Example: Kitty Genovese In 1964, a young woman named Kitty Genovese was brutally murdered in broad daylight in Queens. The murder went on for over half and hour Thirty-eight neighbors witnessed the whole thing Not a single neighbor came to her assistance 3 The Bystander Effect Darley & Lantan (1968) Students in individual cubicles Communication through intercom Student accomplice among group mentions he is prone to having seizures Feigned a severe seizure later in session Green = alone Red = in group What Leads to the Bystander Effect? Ambiguity People are less likely to assist when a situation is ambiguous Pluralistic Ignorance Inaction of other members of the group suggests there is no real emergency Diffusion of Responsibility Assume someone else will provide assistance Group Behavior In a given situation, individuals within a group act much differently than when they are alone Social Loafing a reduction in effort by individuals when they work in groups as compared to when they work by themselves 4...
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4-2-Emotion - 1 Social Influences (cont.) &...

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