1-9-History_ModernPSYC - Psychology: Historical & Modern...

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1 Psychology: Historical Psychology: Historical & Modern Approaches A Brief History of Psychology • Modern Psychology – Areas of Psychological Research – Professional Specialties in Psychology Origins of Psychology • Before the appearance of psychology as an independent science, the study of the mind was approached from either philosophy or physiology
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2 Philosophical Roots Mind-Body Problem – Are mind and physical body the same or distinct entities? Monism : Same (Spinoza) Dualism: Distinct (Descartes) Philosophical Roots Nature vs. Nurture – How much of an individuals behavior is related to innate qualities (nature) and how much is related to environmental factors (nurture)? Inborn ideas (Innatism) mind is born with ideas (Plato) Blank Slate (Tabula Rasa) born with no innate mental content (Locke) Physiological Roots Helmholtz – Measured speed of the nerve impulse – identify language areas within the brain Darwin Origin of Species
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3 The Emergence of Psychology Wilhelm Wundt – Campaigned to make psychology an independent discipline – Established 1 st Psychology Lab at University of Leipzig, Germany • 1879 – psychology’s date of birth – Established 1 st psychology journal The Father of Psychology Wundt and Psychology • Wundt’s fundamental question: What are the components of mind? • This approach was known as structuralism and dealt with describing the fundamental elements that made up mental experience • Relied heavily on the technique of introspection Introspection Introspection – careful, systematic observations of one’s own conscious experience • Researchers were trained to introspect and were shown various stimuli and asked to measure the changes in their experience as the stimulus changes
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4 Functionalism • Concerned with the function, or purpose, of the mind rather than its structure Functionalism was put forth by William James • Rejected the methods of Wundt and other structuralists • How can one trust the subjective reports obtained by introspection? • There was no feasible way to check the
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This note was uploaded on 05/23/2011 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 1101 taught by Professor Parks,nate during the Spring '08 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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1-9-History_ModernPSYC - Psychology: Historical & Modern...

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