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ISB204 Exam2 - -16 Organs from Several Body Systems...

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-----------------------------16------------------------------ Organs from Several Body Systems Eliminate Waste ▒True The Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder, and Urethra Make Up the Urinary System ▒True Human being can’t live without one of the kidneys ▒False Which part of the urinary tract does urine exit through? ▒Urerthra What is dialysis? ▒A technique used to provide artificial replacement for lost kidney function Which hormone is manufactured by the hypothalamus and then travels to the posterior pituitary for storage and release? ▒Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) Which of the following methods can help men and women avoid urinary tract infections? ▒All of the above What is Glomerular filtration? ▒blood pressure forces water and small solutes from the blood in the glomerulus to the space inside the glomerular capsule The urinary system consists of what? ▒2 kidneys, 2 ureters, 1 urinary bladder and 1 urethra What is a function of the kidneys? ▒produces urine Where in the body are the kidneys located? ▒above the waist against the back wall of the abdominal cavity ______ is the elimination of wastes and excess substances from the body. ▒Excretion ______ transports urine from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body. ▒Urethra The outer region of the kidney is the _____________. ▒renal cortex What is the term that describes when the kidneys stop working? ▒renal failure In one day, a pair of kidneys filters all of the blood in a body about how many times? ▒30 times An infection of the kidneys is called ▒Pyelonephritis Which of the following is not a function of the kidneys? ▒Stores urine Presence of microorganisms in the organs of the unary system can cause ▒A urinary tract infection One of the functions of the kidneys is: ▒help regulate blood pressure and pH Which is not one of the three functions of nephrons? ▒tubular secretion Which hormone does NOT influence kidney funciton? ▒Antidiuretic hormone The Kidneys transform Vitamin _ into its active form. ▒D Which is not one of the three regions of the Kidneys? ▒basal ganglia The renal corpuscle is made up of ▒Glomerulus What does the anti diuretic hormone regulate? ▒amount of water reabsorbed into water tubules Which of these is not a function of nephrons? ▒Storing wastes and excess materials Which of the following is not a hormone involving kidney function? ▒Renin The urinary system consists of all of the following except ▒Gallbladder All of the following are nitrogen containing wastes produced by people except? ▒Carbon dioxide The Kidneys do all of the following except: ▒deteriorate last -----------------------------17------------------------------ What are the most important structures in the reproductive system in both males and females?
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