Unit1StudyGuide - AP Government: Unit 1 Study Guide What is...

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What is popular sovereignty? The ultimate political authority rests with the people; they can create, change, or abolish the government (Locke). The source of power for the constitution and nation is from the people of the United States as signified by “We the people. ..” in the preamble. The legitimacy of the state is created by the will or consent of its people and is essentially ruled by the people. What are different ways that the Constitution can be changed? Informal Change: - Interpretation - Customs/traditions - Supreme Court - Due process Formal Change: - New Constitutional Convention - 2/3rds of the states to call for a convention - Add/remove constitutional amendments - 2/3rd of states or Congress (both houses) to propose and 3/4ths of states to ratify (27 US Amendments) (500+ CA Amendments) What was Shays’ Rebellion? Its significance? Shays’ rebellion (January 1787) was the result of increasing discontent with high interest rates, debt and taxes, and the unstable economic situation. Often, the government claimed the property of citizens and imprisoned people when they could not repay debts. Thus, Daniel Shays and other ex-revolutionary war soldiers rebelled and forcibly prevented the courts in western Massachusetts from sitting. Massachusetts had trouble responding and could not rely on national government for help. This eventually convinced Americans that the nation government needed to stronger (more central), “so that it create uniform economic policies and protect property owners from infringements on their rights by local majorities”, as the Confederation was perceived to be very weak. Compare Federalism to a Unitary system Both are representative governments but differ in the structure of national, state and local governments. Federalism – A political system in which the ultimate authority is shared between a central government and state or regional governments. Power comes from both the state and federal government. The national government can make final decision with respect to some governmental activities and whose existence is specially protected. “. ..creates separate, self-sustaining centers of power, prestige, and profit”. Dual-Federalism - Two different spheres; national government supreme in its sphere; states equally supreme in its sphere. These two spheres should and could be kept separate. ex) Interstate commerce - Only congress can regulate ex) Intrastate commerce - Only states can regulate - However, today, most commerce is interstate and a complex set of laws determines this. Fiscal Federalism - Grants-in-Aid - National government provides money to the states - Often with “strings attached” - Land grants - Categorial grants - Specific purpose defined by federal law - Typically matched partially by states - Block grants - Broad-based aid - Revenue Sharing (general revenue sharing - GRS) AP Government: Unit 1 Study Guide
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- Provided funds to states with no requirement as to matching funds - Freedom to spend the money on almost any governmental purpose
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This note was uploaded on 05/19/2011 for the course ECON 1 taught by Professor St.clair during the Spring '11 term at Troy.

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Unit1StudyGuide - AP Government: Unit 1 Study Guide What is...

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