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Unit2StudyGuide - AP Government Unit 2 Review Sheet 1...

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AP Government - Unit 2 Review Sheet 1. Parties - First Parties - Jeffersonian Republicans - Opposed Constitution and Central Government - Federalists - Hamilton - Supporters of the Constitution - Political Parties - Multi-level - National - Most clout / power - RNC / DNC - Controls calendar of elections (parties choose candidates) - Controls national convention - State and County / Grassroots - Recall Elections - Can kick people out of office - Much more likely to occur at local level - Referendums - Legislature passes a law and citizens vote on and pass it - State can only borrow money or make bonds as a proposition - Initiative - People directly petition to force a public vote (plebiscite) - Change a law (gather signatures) - State level procedure closet to direct democracy - Local fundraising - Raise massive amounts of money for candidates - Most money goes to state representatives and governors - Not President - Campaigns on own - Is popular enough to raise own money - Presidential candidates have option to have their funds matched - Most don’t take this option - Spending limits - Two Party-System - Democratic Party (1792 - Jackson) - The Democratic Party is older (1828/1792) - More registered voters - More voter apathy - Democratic campaigns want big turnouts - Benefit from endorsements - No TV stuff lately but has raised tons of money - Democrats favor female and minority delegates - Republican Party (1854 - Lincoln) - Younger Party - Grand Old Party - Consists of older members - Better organized and voters more likely to vote - Republican campaigns want small turnouts - Independent Vote favors Republicans - Third Parties - Do not have a real chance in elections - Third party candidates takes away votes - Brings up new issues - Forces other parties to consider ideas - Party Labels - Nominals (Majority)
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- Registered Voters - Regulars - Registered Voters - Willing to donate money - Loyalists (Smallest group) - Registered Voters - Willing to donate money - Willing to give time and volunteer 2. Primaries / Conventions - Before Primaries - Still indirect elections - Before 1820s - Congress chose presidential candidates - King Caucus - Elitist system controlled by parties - 1831 - First national convention (Anti-Masonic Party) - More parities conducted national conventions - Allowed people from states to attend and have the opportunity to choose - Primary Elections - Elect/choose one candidate for each party - Recently established (1970’s) - Primaries at the state level choose delegates to vote for president at the national conventions - Closed Primary - Have to be registered as either Democrat or Republican - Independents cannot vote in a primary - Open Primary - Have to be registered but can be independent - Open to independents - Don’t have to choose till you vote - Can only vote in one primary - Blanket Primary - All the primaries are on the same ballot - Choose between candidates (of different parties) - Jumps all over the the placed - Includes everybody - Presidential primary cannot be a blanket primary - California’s Primary - Used to be blanket primary - RNC/DNC opposed: Could not express themselves politically - Blanket primary abolished by Supreme Court decision
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