Unit3StudyGuide

Unit3StudyGuide - Unit 3 - Congress Bicameral - A...

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Unit 3 - Congress Bicameral - A legislature consisting of two houses (i.e. the Senate and the House of Representatives - Very slow system - Great Compromise (state representation) Unicameral - A legislature consisting of one house. Acts much more quickly than a bicameral legislature. The Senate - “Cooling Saucer” - The upper house of Congress. - Each state has two senators. - 6 years terms. - 1/3rd of Senate up for re-election every two years. - Senate confirms all presidential appointments and ratifies treaties - Originally elected by state legislation (until 1913) The House of Representatives - “Hot Cup of Soup” - The lower house of Congress. - Elections every two years - Each state’s number of representatives is based of of population - 435 seats in the house - Directly elected - Originally, representatives represented 30,000 people each - Used to be “Apportionment” - Changed in 1929 with Reapportionment Act - Number fixed at 435 Reapportionment - Re-assigning of Congressional seats to states based on population shifts. - Measured by the Census - Census: Counting of the population every ten years as required by the Constitution. Used as the basis of Reapportionment - Reapportionment plans are controlled by the majority party in each state legislature. Gerrymandering - The redrawing of Congressional district boundary lines in unusual shapes to give an advantage to a particular political party - “Redistricting” - redrawing of political districts - Districts are uneven in population - Seats are divided into districts with states for reapportionment - Maliciously, it is called “Malapportionment” - Protect minority - 90% of house is re-elected - Both parties are guilty of this
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- Presiding officer of the House of Representatives. Very powerful position - Third in line of Presidential succession - Nancy Pelosi (CA) - Democrat Senate President Pro Tempore - Presiding officer of the Senate when the Vice President is absent - Honorary position - Vice President breaks ties - Robert Byrd Majority Leader - Leader of the Majority Party in Congress - Powerful legislative position. - Both a Senate and House majority leader - Senate: Harry Reid (NV) - House: Steny Hoyer Minority Leader - Leader of the Minority Party in Congress. Works with Majority leadership and tries to protect his/her party’s interests. - Senate: Mitch McConnell - House: John Boehner (OH) Whip - Assistant to the party leader - Promote party loyalty and unity - “To Whip The Party Into Shape” Quorum - Minimum number of members that must be present in order to officially meet and conduct business - Senate: 51 - House: 218 - Suggest “Absence of Quorum” if a quorum is not met Bill - Proposed law which is considered both by the House and Senate Hopper - A wooden box on the clerk of the Senate’s desk into which new bills are deposited. - Starts the long legislative process
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This note was uploaded on 05/19/2011 for the course GOVT 1 taught by Professor Boener during the Spring '11 term at Troy.

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Unit3StudyGuide - Unit 3 - Congress Bicameral - A...

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