Unit4StudyGuide - Bureaucracy(Ch 13 R 1-3 8-17 22...

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Bureaucracy (Ch. 13, R # 1-3, 8-17, 22) Bureaucracy Complex set of hierarchal departments, agencies, commissions and their staffs who help the President get things done - Makes policy - Creation and execution of programs - Expertise - Administrative Discretion - Role-Making Discretionary Authority - Ability to choose courses of action and to make policies that are not spelled out in advance - Power of the Bureaucracy - Paying subsidies to particular groups and organizations in society - Transferring money from the federal government to state/local governments - Devising and enforcing regulations for various sectors of society and economy Reputation Negative public opinion - Creates long lines - Federal shutdown s - Lots of paperwork (red tape) Main Features Hierarchy Strict Division of Labor - Split into specific jobs Specification of Authority Goal Orientation - Determines structure and rules Impartiality - How you perform Measurement of Productivity Categories of Bureaucracy The Department - Broad area of government operations - Cabinet heads can be dismissed by President - Not for Independent Regulatory Agencies - Cabinet are leaders of the government departments - President can only appoint a small number of members of the departments - Relatively weak in that they tend to focus on department affairs - Little time to be in contact with President - Thus it undermines the usefulness of having cabinet members as advisors Government Corporation - Business formed by Congress - United States Postal Service (Post Office) - Largest of Federal government corporations Independent Agency - Narrow responsibilities - Cannot be fired by President - Constraints Regulatory Commission - Specific areas of economic activity - Regulation rather than ownership of enterprises - Independent Regulatory Commission/Agency (Not Executive Branch) - Independent of any branch - President cannot fire them - Differs from cabinet heads - Boards and commissions that are independent of special interests - Regulate conduct of industries - Investigate the businesses that they regulate Accountability of Bureaucrats (Agencies) By President - Hire and fire bureaucrats - Reorganize bureaucracy - Change budget - Executive order
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- Propose changes to Congress By Congress - Authorization Legislation / Appropriations - Congress’ greatest influence on the operation of a federal agency - Power of Appropriations Committee - Loss of power - Trust funds (no control over these) - Annual Authorizations - Limits ability of appropriations committee - Budget crisis - Trying to meet a target spending limit - Committee Clearance - Right for a committee to pass on certain agency decisions - Create / Abolish departments - Change function of part of democracy - Reject / confirm appointments - Oversight (investigate) By Supreme Court - Threat of legal sanctions - Interprets (Constitutionality) Legislative Veto - An executive decision must lie before Congress for a specified time before it takes effect - Controls bureaucratic / presidential actions - Declared unconstitutional in June 1983 by Supreme Court
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Unit4StudyGuide - Bureaucracy(Ch 13 R 1-3 8-17 22...

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