unit 1 review

unit 1 review - What is popular sovereignty? The belief...

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What is popular sovereignty? The belief that the legitimacy of the state is created by the will or consent of its people (the source of all political power). Popular sovereignty expresses a concept and does not necessarily reflect or describe a political reality. It is often contrasted with the concept of parliamentary sovereignty. What was Shay’s Rebellion? Its significance? An armed uprising in Central and Western Massachusetts. The rebels, led by Daniel Shays, were mostly poor farmers angered by crushing debt and taxes. Failure to repay such debts often resulted in imprisonment in debtor's prisons or the claiming of property by the state. The rebellion started on August 29, 1786. A militia that had been raised as a private army defeated an attack on the federal Springfield Armory by the main Shaysite force on February 3, 1787. There was a lack of an institutional response to the uprising, which energized calls to reevaluate the Articles of Confederation and gave strong impetus to the Constitutional Convention which began in May 1787. Compare Federalism to a Unitary system USA: Federalism; Great Britain: Unitary The Federalism is decentralized by means that the state/local governments stands on its power. It has its own constitution that implemented through its jurisdiction. However, the federal has a limited power to his country. It only implemented the general provisions in the constitution. Unitary government is centralized by means that the power of the local government emanates from the central government which is the president. It only has one constitution that implemented all over the country. However, it’s only up to the president or the prime minister to use such government like these. What are Checks and Balances? To prevent one branch from becoming supreme, and to induce the branches to cooperate, governance systems that employ a separation of powers need a way to balance each of the branches. Checks and balances in the government of the United States include various procedural rules that allow one branch to limit another, such as the authority of the president to veto legislation passed by Congress, or the power of Congress to alter the composition and jurisdiction of the federal courts. Legislative Executive Judicial Makes all the laws Controls all the money; taxes, borrows, and sets the budget Has sole power to declare war Oversees investigates and makes the rules for the government and its officers appoints the heads of the executive branch Appoints judges Ratifies treaties Preserves protects and defends the Constitution Faithfully executes the laws of the United States Executes the instructions of Congress May veto laws but the veto may be overridden by Congress Executes the spending authorized by Congress Executes the instructions of Congress when it declares war or makes rules for the military Declares states of emergency and publishes regulations and executive orders
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unit 1 review - What is popular sovereignty? The belief...

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