1st semester final review

1st semester final review - AP Government Final Review 1....

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AP Government Final Review 1. Value Conflict : This is when people have conflicting values. Usually people are conservative on money policies and liberal on social policies. 2. Checks and Balances : A system whereby each branch of government exercises checks over the actions of the other branches in order to maintain a balance of power. a. Legislative Branch makes the laws. Checking powers include: i. Veto override ii. Impeachment iii. Bureaucratic oversight iv. Jurisdiction of federal courts v. Money b. Executive Branch enforces the laws. i. Veto ii. Appointments iii. Control Bureaucracy (CIA, FBI, EPA, etc.) c. Judicial Branch interprets the laws. i. Judicial Review – declaring Congressional or Presidential actions as unconstitutional. 3. Report/Inference/Judgment: report is fact, inference is opinion, judgment is the conclusion reached from the first two. 4. 1 st Amendment : Freedom of religion, speech, press, and assembly. Limited by “clear and present danger” doctrine. 5. 4 th Amendment : Protection against unreasonable searches and seizures. 6. 5 th Amendment : Due Process protection, self-incrimination, double jeopardy 7. 8 th Amendment 8. Ultimate authority of the gov’t resides with the people of the U.S. 9. Bill of Rights : The first 10 amendments to the Constitution. Originally intended to protect individuals from the State. 10. Political resources : Have become more widely distributed. Number and variety of interest groups has increased. It is easier to get more money from an organization or a cause and we have easier access to federal courts. Political information is more widely available. PAC’s are protected can raise more money. 11. Snarl / Purr words: The term snarl word refers to a derogatory label that can be attached to something, in order to ignore it or hate it without guilt. When used as a snarl words, these words are essentially meaningless. 12. Liberals – traditionally democratic, favors change and progress, believes in gov’t participation in most national affairs, concerned with the economic welfare of the common man, favors increasing income tax, social security, medicare, etc., strong executives using implied constitutional powers, left of center. Conservatives traditionally republican, favors status quo and less participation of gov’t in people’s affairs, individual freedom and responsibility emphasized, local authorities aid the less fortunate, opposed to strong central gov’t, reduce national debt and balanced budgets, “not as strong” Presidents, right of center. 13. Propaganda techniques:
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This note was uploaded on 05/19/2011 for the course GOVT 1 taught by Professor Boener during the Spring '11 term at Troy.

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1st semester final review - AP Government Final Review 1....

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