AP Government Final Review
: This is when people have conflicting values. Usually people are conservative on money policies and liberal on
Checks and Balances
: A system whereby each branch of government exercises checks over the actions of the other branches
in order to maintain a balance of power.
makes the laws. Checking powers include:
Jurisdiction of federal courts
enforces the laws.
Control Bureaucracy (CIA, FBI, EPA, etc.)
interprets the laws.
Judicial Review – declaring Congressional or Presidential actions as unconstitutional.
Report/Inference/Judgment: report is fact, inference is opinion, judgment is the conclusion reached from the first two.
: Freedom of religion, speech, press, and assembly. Limited by “clear and present danger” doctrine.
: Protection against unreasonable searches and seizures.
: Due Process protection, self-incrimination, double jeopardy
Ultimate authority of the gov’t resides with the people of the U.S.
Bill of Rights
: The first 10 amendments to the Constitution. Originally intended to protect individuals from the State.
: Have become more widely distributed. Number and variety of interest groups has increased.
It is easier to
get more money from an organization or a cause and we have easier access to federal courts. Political information is more
PAC’s are protected can raise more money.
Snarl / Purr words:
The term snarl word refers to a derogatory label that can be attached to something, in order to ignore it or
hate it without guilt. When used as a snarl words, these words are essentially meaningless.
– traditionally democratic, favors change and progress, believes in gov’t participation in most national affairs,
concerned with the economic welfare of the common man, favors increasing income tax, social security, medicare, etc., strong
executives using implied constitutional powers, left of center.
traditionally republican, favors status quo and less participation of gov’t in people’s affairs, individual freedom and
responsibility emphasized, local authorities aid the less fortunate, opposed to strong central gov’t, reduce national debt and
balanced budgets, “not as strong” Presidents, right of center.
13. Propaganda techniques: