04 Colonial Sacred Music

04 Colonial Sacred Music - GMUS 203: Music in America Dr....

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GMUS 203: Music in America Dr. Andrew Connell Lecture Outline: Colonial Sacred Music THE PROTESTANT REFORMATION Challenged key Catholic beliefs ANGLO SETTLERS TO THE U.S. BROUGHT: An aversion to: - state religion - church hierarchy and power Religious singing was deliberately kept simple - Plainsong EARLY PSALMBOOKS Reverend Henry Ainsworth - The Book of Psalmes: Englished Both in Prose and Metre The Bay Psalm Book - Simplified meters 1
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GMUS 203: Music in America Dr. Andrew Connell Lecture Outline: Colonial Sacred Music PSALM METER Based on number of syllables per line - Long meter 8.8.8.8 - Common meter 8.6.8.6 - Short meter 6.6.8.6 - Music as vehicle for words Listen: “Macedonia” (Common meter) N ot f rom t he d ust a-f flic t ions g row, (8) N or t rou b les r ise b y c hance, (6) B ut w e a re b orn t o c ares a nd w oe , (8) A s ad i n h er i - t ance (6) A s s parks b reak o ut f rom b urning c oals, (8) A nd s till u p w ards b orn, (6) S o g rief i s r oo t ed i n o ur s ouls, (8) A nd M an g rows u p t o m ourn (6) TWO DIVERGENT STREAMS “Praise” - Direct praise - Extension of daily life “Edification” - Intellectual, moral, and spiritual improvement - Worship as solemn affair, ritual PRAISE: LINING OUT The “Usual Way” leader recites each line of text to congregation LISTEN: “Amazing Grace” Criticized as “praising God by piece-meal” 2
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04 Colonial Sacred Music - GMUS 203: Music in America Dr....

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