GMUS203 EXAM 3 Study Guide

GMUS203 EXAM 3 Study Guide - GMUS 203: Music in America...

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GMUS 203: Music in America • Fall 2010 EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDE 20 TH CENTURY CLASSICAL MUSIC Philosophical ideals What represents us? Commercial vs. Idealistic? Charles Ives Finest American Composer of 20 th Century, Successful business practices, NEW ENGLAND 4 TH OF JULY Use of indigenous material – brought in popular music, often very dissonance, Pastiche, dissonance – dissonance = strength Dual careers successful business career, insurance salesman, music helped business and business helped music Support of new music Henry Cowell – THE BASHEE World music – he was influenced by world music Extended instrumental techniques – new method with attacking the piano New Music Quarterly – published scores by composers, supported by Charles Ives, Lou Harrison – interested in Indonesian music Relationship to Ives – helped Ives win Pulitzer prize by editing scores Pacific rim influences - blended East and West Nadia Boulanger – famous composition teacher, studied with here, Aaron Copeland and Roy Harris Aaron Copland – most well known of 20 th century APP SPRINGS, Roy Harris – mostly selft taught composer, very interested in making American sound. Crossing the popular / classical music divide George Gershwin – composed a lot of famous tin pan alley songs put into movies like “an American in Paris” long dance sequences, WWII influences European composers in the U.S. – Schoenberg, Stravinsky, Hindesmith, Bartok, Rachmanioff, Toch, Dahl Modernity Academic support for new music Dominant Rationales: Maximum control – how loud Serialism Shoenberg, had to be played in strict order , control everything that happened, couldn’t repeat a note Minimum control – improvision, roll of the dice Indeterminacy, graphic notation Edgar Varèse 4 dimensional music – added idea of space Tape music – played recording, John Cage, cut and put together, Poèm Électronique –pioneer of electronic tape music Milton Babbit The composer as researcher of sound – musician was like a physics or mathematician, composers exploration of sound, Electronic music – by passes traditional notation, works directly with sound medium RCA Mark II electronic synthesizer huge synthesizer, took up whole room, John Cage – No Sound Conceptual art – any sound may occur in any combination 4’33’’ - no Sound, doesn’t play a note Prepared piano – put things in the piano Indeterminacy – relinquishes control, chance music, graphic notes, Harry Partch – created octave containing 48 notes. Musical system Microtones – intervals are closer than intervals on the piano. Created by Harry Partch Instruments – created his own instruments using old tools Minimalism Musical elements – regular rhythem, repeating patterns, changed slowly over time, tonal, draw on Jazz and African Music, changes happened slowly, Terry Riley, Phillip Glass, Steve Reich Performance art Pauline Oliveros 1
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GMUS 203: Music in America • Fall 2010 EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDE
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GMUS203 EXAM 3 Study Guide - GMUS 203: Music in America...

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