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History03

History03 - First Tier—Elementary Schools • Foundation...

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Schooling in the Republican Period Political economy Ideology Schooling Liberal ideology The Jeffersonian Model Who was in and who was out
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Purpose of Education Civic, republican virtue Practical skills Personal development
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Political Economy Agrarian society Few urban centers Homogeneous communities Family as unit of production Slavery Rising bourgeoisie/ capitalism
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Ideology Mistrust of central/distant government Classical liberalism Patriarchy Science, reason, and progress Republican virtue Freedom Laissez-faire
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Schooling Schools but no school system Great variation across schools Locally supported and controlled Basic education, rote learning, moral and civic education
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Liberal ideology Reason Natural Law Republican virtue: moral probity, public over private interest, civic responsibility Progress Nationalism and American exceptionalism Freedom Economic, political, civil, intellectual Meritocracy: “Natural Aristocracy” Virtue and talent (not birth and wealth)
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Unformatted text preview: First Tier—Elementary Schools • Foundation of entire education structure • Decentralized districts • Three years of free education • Screening for future leaders • Preparing citizens for effective functioning Second Tier—Grammar Schools • Boarding schools • Languages, advanced curriculum • Developing local leadership • Preparation for university Third Tier—University Education • Common education from grammar schools allowed for advanced instruction • Specialization in a “science” • Preparation for leadership—law, government, the professions • Education for meritocracy Fourth Tier—Self-Education • Lifelong learning as the culmination of educational aims • Jefferson’s support of public libraries • “Knowledge is power; knowledge is safety; knowledge is happiness” Who is in and who is out? • African-Americans • Native Americans...
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History03 - First Tier—Elementary Schools • Foundation...

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