REFORM PERIODS

REFORM PERIODS - available • Education as science •...

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REFORM PERIODS 1985 to 1918: Committee of Ten and Cardinal Principles 1920 to 1950: Progressive Education 1950 to 1965: Back to Basics 1965 to 1980: Equity 1980 to present: Excellence (Standards and Accountability )
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Reform Questions What should be taught? What kind of knowledge is of most worth? Is the purpose of education to benefit the individual or society?
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Committee of Ten Curriculum for intellectual discipline Correlation between child and subject matter Language instruction Teachers: academic qualifications before pedagogical training
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Secondary Education Tension between preparing for college or general education What to do about students who do not continue to college?
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Cardinal Principles New concept of secondary schooling Schooling determined by needs of society Character of the individual Knowledge of educational practice and theory
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Unformatted text preview: available • Education as science • Education under professional control Progressive Education • Unifying theme of democracy – Liberal progressives – Social reconstructionists – Theory of “the child” – Student centered teaching – Learning by doing – Cooperative, democratic decision making Back to Basics • Bestor: Education Wastelands – Attack on anti-intellectualism and “life adjustment” education – Professional control of education – Lack of intellectual content to schooling Equity • Great Society: social equality – School finance – Language – Handicapped and disabled – Race – Gender Excellence • A Nation at Risk – International economic competition • State Reforms—1980s • Standards and accountability – No Child Left Behind – CA Public School Accountability Act...
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REFORM PERIODS - available • Education as science •...

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