parity - + P = B + C Corollary 1 If r is the current...

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The Put-Call Parity Theorem John Norstad j.norstad@mac.com http://homepage.mac.com/j.norstad March 7, 1999 Updated: January 28, 2005 Abstract Just remember “stock + put = bond + call”.

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1 THE PUT-CALL PARITY THEOREM 1 1 The Put-Call Parity Theorem Theorem 1 For a given time to expiration t and strike price E let: S = the current value of a non-dividend paying stock or other asset. P = the current value of a European put option on the asset with strike price E and time to expiration t . B = the current value of a risk-free zero-coupon bond with value at maturity E and time to maturity t . C = the current value of a European call option on the asset with strike price E and time to expiration t . Then in the absence of arbitrage opportunities: S
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Unformatted text preview: + P = B + C Corollary 1 If r is the current risk-free continuously compounded interest rate for time period t then: S + P = e-rt E + C Corollary 2 If E = Se rt = the forward price of the asset, then C = P . 1 THE PUT-CALL PARITY THEOREM 2 Figure 1: Payos Proof: Consider the values or payos at expiration time t as functions of the value S ( t ) of the underlying asset at time t as shown in Figure 1. The stock+put and bond+call combinations have the same payos in all possible future states of the world. We are assuming no arbitrage opportunities, so the law of one price holds and their current values must be the same. The corollaries follow immediately....
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parity - + P = B + C Corollary 1 If r is the current...

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