AristotleKnowledge through empirical observation and experienceDifferenceOption 3: The Soul and the Good LifeA. Explain Plato’s views of the nature of the human soul. Explain also what his view is about the relationship between reason and the other sources of desire?B. What are Aristotle’s views on the nature of the human soul, including the relationship between reason and the passions in character, and the relationship between the soul and living?C. How do the views of each philosopher with regard to the nature of reality (metaphysics) and of the soul (psychology) relate to their differing views about how one should go about living a good lifePlatoThe soul is eternal and deathless (phaedo) Reason is superior to the desires of the flesh. The philosopher should distance himself from desire and its sources in order to achieve true reason. Tripartide theoryAppetitive-basic needsRational-truthSpiritive-enforces rational source of anger and some other emotions. The passions of a person are here
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