Anth. 101 Notes 5

Anth. 101 Notes 5 - Agency power of individuals(and group...

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Understanding Observations are not data Data is not fact Fact not info Info not knowledge Knowledge not understanding Understanding not wisdom Culture Patterned sets of learned behaviors and ideas acquired by ppl as mems of society "that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a mem of society" (Edward B. Tylor) Characteristics of culture Learned Symbolic Shared Patterned Integrated Adaptive Constructed (and reproduced) Dynamic Theories of Social Construction "men make history, but they don not make it just as the please; they do not make it under circumstances chosen by themselves, but under circumstances directly encountered, given , and transmitted form the past" Karl Marx the 18th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte (1869) Materialism (historical and cultural) Structuration theory Practice theory Practice and Agency Practice- what people do, the sum total of people's activities
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Unformatted text preview: Agency- power of individuals (and group) to act to Advance their own goals Affect or influence others Create and modify the social and physical world Consequences of action Anticipated Unanticipated Vary in scale and impact Social Constructs Structured products of practice Habitus Structure an social institutions Internalized mental or cognitive frameworks people use to deal with the social world Functions below level of discursive consciousness Acquired from long-term occupation of a position within the social world Social and culture change Rules and resources the allow for similar social practices to exist across space and time Structures do not exist, social phenomena (practices) are structured Structure exists in the practice of individuals Constraints on Agency and Practice Symbolic capital Agency Dialectic resolution of contradictions Changes in the constraints on practice...
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Anth. 101 Notes 5 - Agency power of individuals(and group...

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