Anth. 101 Notes 14

Anth. 101 Notes 14 - Sex and Gender Sex biological...

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Sex and Gender Sex- biological categories Most individuals either Male-xy Female-xx Some idivs do not fit Xxx, xxy, xyy Sexual organs fail to develop Gender- cultural categories Constructed by practice and agency Characteristics linked to sexes not universal Number of categories variable Hijra There are two ways of being hijra Being born as an intersexual or hermaphrodite Being born with a male body but with a feminine gender identity In both cases the person is "born as an hijra" Ritual role Weddings Post-wedding parties Birth of male child Berdache Some native American groups identified 3rd (or 3rd and 4th) gender that French called berdache Males classified as berdache and males classified as men did not act in same ways Berdache could marry and father children Assessing Gender King Louis XV of France Sodalities Non-kin associations Political Structure The organization of public decision making, influence, and control Social political life Ability to change beliefs, perceptions, attitudes, or behaviors of another individual or
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Anth. 101 Notes 14 - Sex and Gender Sex biological...

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