Religion in Americas 3

Religion in Americas 3 - (1703-1758 Pastor at...

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Great Awakening Tuesday, February 09, 2010 10:05 AM FGA and emergence of Early evangelicals What? "A series of revivals of religious excitement" Intracolonial Interdenominational Part of larger, international movement Where? Started in Pennsylvania/ new Jersey and went South and North by Presbyterians, Baptists, and Methodists Why? Declension Theory People falling short of "city on the hill" ideology Increasing religious pluralism Increasing wealth, spilt between haves and have-nots Reaction against Enlightenment ideals Congregationalists and Presbyterians split into New/Old lights Baptists almost all new lights Church of England breaks forming Methodists (1784) New lights Old Lights Conversion necessary Gradual growth in Christian grace Extemporaneous preaching Reason Itinerant preachers Sermon preached form set texts Anyone can be called to preach Sermons given by clergy Emphasis on clerical education Jonathan Edwards
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Unformatted text preview: (1703-1758) Pastor at Congregational Church, Northampton, MA Led 1730s-40s revival Stressed conversion, God's sovereignty, predestination (Calvinist) George Whitefield (1714-1770) Church of England minister Influenced by Methodism Famous preaching tours throughout American colonies Known for his drama, booming voice "First intercolonial celebrity"? Consequences of Great Awakening Birth of "evangelical movement in N. America Renewed emphasis on conversion Democratization of religious practice Emphasis on the individual Emphasis on education: Princeton, Brown, Dartmouth, UPenn, and UNC Widespread conversion of African Americans to evangelical Christianity Creation of a colony(ies)-wide culture ("dress rehearsal" for revolution?) Scholarly disagreement as to whether there was/ was not a FGA? What is valuable about this idea of FGA?...
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Religion in Americas 3 - (1703-1758 Pastor at...

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