HYDRO_REPORT

HYDRO_REPORT - PROJECT REPORT ON WORKING MODEL OF A...

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PROJECT REPORT ON WORKING MODEL OF A HYDRO-POWER PLANT DONE AT “B.M.I.E.T, Sonepat” SUBMITTED IN FULFILLING OF THE REQUIREMENTS OF BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY (B.Tech), 8 TH SEMESTER MAHARASHI DAYANAND UNIVERSITY, ROHTAK SUBMITTED BY: PULKIT JAIN (EEE/07/643) NIKITA JAIN (EEE/07/640) BHARAT RELHAN (EEE/07/613) KESHAV AGGARWAL (EEE/07/631) BHAGWAN MAHAVEER INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT (AN ISO 9001:2000 CERTIFIED INSTITUTION) APPROVED BY A.I.C.T.E. NEW DELHI AND AFFILIATED TO 1
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, ROHTAK INTRODUCTION Energy is the most important thing in this world. All living plants,animals (organisms) on this earth require energy to perform any type of work. The capacity to do a work is energy . Energy may be required either in smaller amount or in larger amount, depending upon the nature of work to be performed. The different things from which we get the energy are called as Energy Sources. There are two types of energy sources: 1. Conventional or Non-Renewable Energy Sources 2. Non-Conventional or Renewable Energy Sources Conventional or Non-Renewable Energy Sources : The energy sources, which we are using since ages and which are in danger of exhausting, are called as Conventional OR Non-Renewable Energy Sources. They are not renewed by Nature and are perishable i.e. going to get exhausted one day. e. g. coal, petroleum products, nuclear fuels etc. Non -Conventional or Renewable Energy Sources : These are the energy sources whose utilization technology is not yet fully developed. These are the sources, which can be recovered and reused. i.e. they can be used again and again to generate energy because nature supplies them back. e.g. solar energy, wind energy, tidal energy etc. OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT We are going to consider one of the ways of generation of energy from a non-conventional energy source namely Hydroelectric Energy. Water power can be harnessed in many ways; tidal flows can be utilized to produce power by building a barrage across an estuary and releasing water in a controlled manner through a turbine; large dams hold water which can be used to provide large quantities of electricity. Hence an effort is made to generate electricity from flowing water by building up a Mini Hydropower Plant. Here water is made to fall from a height and it rotates the turbine wheel. The turbine wheel connected to a dynamo produces an equivalent amount of electricity.   Contemporary Hydro- electric power plants generate anywhere from a few kW, enough for a single residence, to thousands of MW, power enough to supply a large city. The main principle used in this is the kinetic energy of falling water is converted into electric energy using turbines. 2
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HYDRO_REPORT - PROJECT REPORT ON WORKING MODEL OF A...

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