TERMINOLOGY Positions: Anatomical position is one in which a person is upright, with the arms and forearms hanging at the sides, palms forward and thumbs directed laterally, eyes focused directly forward and the feet together. All movements are relative to the anatomical position. Sagittal plane: divides the body longitudinally into right and left portions Midsagittal plane: divides the body longitudinally through the midline into equal right and left portions Frontal (or Coronal) plane: divides the body longitudinally into anterior and posterior portions Transverse (or Horizontal) plane: divides the body into superior and inferior portions Anterior (Ventral): is towards the front Posterior (Dorsal): is towards the back Lateral: is away from the midline Medial: is towards the midline Superior (Cranial): is upper or above something else; toward the head Inferior (Caudal): is lower or below something else; away from the head Proximal: is closer to the trunk or center of the body than something else Distal: is further from the trunk or center of the body than something else Superficial (External): is towards the body surface Deep (Internal): is away from the body surface Visceral: related to internal organs Parietal:related to body walls
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