literature review 3 - The relation of dreams and suppressed...

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The relation of dreams and suppressed thoughts Literature review 12/7/2010 Submitted by: Nabiha Zia Syeda Hadika Jamshaid Nust Business School Submitted to: ma’am Iram Ibrar
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THE RELATION OF DREAMS AND SUPPRESSED THOUGHTS Zia, Nabiha Nust Business School ; Jamshaid, Syeda H. Nust Business School. Introduction : This paper aims to determine the relationship between the two variables which are dreams and suppressed thoughts. Dreams are a succession of images, sounds or motions which our mind experiences while we are asleep. Dreams happen during the rapid eye movement (REM) stage of sleep . REM sleep usually begins after a period of deep sleep known as stage 4 sleep. An area of the brain called the Pons (where REM sleep signals originate)shuts off signals to the spinal cord. That causes the body to be immobile during REM sleep and hence the occurrence of dreams takes place under normal and stable mental and bodily conditions. Suppression on the other hand here implies the thoughts which are not fully expressed by the person. It refers to thoughts which are initially present in the subject’s mind but then effort is done to avoid or suppress that certain thought so as to make it go away. It has been observed in many researches that the dreams are directly related to the suppressed thoughts leading us to the conclusion that both the variables are positively co-related. Although it is largely reported that frued was the main contributor to this theory of thought suppression it was Schleiermacher more specifically postulated a reappearance of the repressed at sleep onset: ‘‘As we approach sleep and to the same degree that willful activities require effort, a surge of unwanted representations can be noticed. This may be considered as the first root of dreams’’ (1830/1862, p. 350). The phenomenon had thus been described decades before the dawn of psychoanalysis and its theoretical premises. Hypothesis : dreams are the return of suppressed thoughts Failing distractions disrupts the rebound effect Suppression increases the occurrence of target thoughts during sleep The research of Wegner, Wenzlaff, Koza basically determined how thoughts return in our dreams which they termed as the rebound effect. They based their findings on Freud’s one of the most famous psychological
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