More than 61 years have passed since the death of founder of Pakistan, Quaid-i-Azam
Mohammad Ali Jinnah. But even today, nothing about Jinnah seems ordinary —not his legal
career, politics, personal life, his legacy and even the property he left behind.
The great South Asian intellectual Eqbal Ahmed once described Jinnah as an enigma of
modern history. His aristocratic English lifestyle, Victorian manners, and secular outlook
rendered him a most unlikely leader of India ’s Muslims. Yet, he led them to separate
statehood, creating history, and in Saad R. Khairi’s apt phrase, “altering geography”.
Much has been written about Jinnah’s legal career, politics, his role as a founder of Pakistan
and his vision, but even today, very little is known about Jinnah’s personal life. This was
probably because Jinnah never had time to write a diary or an autobiography and whatever
little he wrote was formal and matter of fact.
For most of his life, he remained reserved, taciturn and secretive. He wrote his will in May,
1939, but it was only after his death that Liaquat Ali Khan, his close associate and the first
Prime Minister of Pakistan, came to know that he was its trustee and executor. His only child,
Dina Wadia, has hardly ever spoken about her father in public. So furious was Jinnah with
Dina that he disowned her after she married a Parsi man against his wishes, and yet he left
two lacs for her in his will. Akbar Ahmed’s movie Jinnah had just ten to fifteen minutes on
Jinnah’s personal life, which are nowhere near enough.
Jinnah’s first wife, fourteen year old Emibai from Paneli village, died just eight months after
he left for London at age sixteen in 1892, to join Graham’s Shipping and Trading Company,
which conducted business with his father in Karachi. It was a forced marriage, as Jinnah’s
mother was afraid that if he went to England , he might end up marrying an English girl. He
barely knew Emibai.
Jinnah’s second marriage with the most beautiful girl of Bombay -Ruttie: The Flower of