powerpoint 9 - late adulthood

powerpoint 9 - late adulthood - Late Adulthood Late...

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Unformatted text preview: Late Adulthood Late Adulthood Physical changes in adulthood: Late Physical changes in adulthood: Late adulthood (60 and up) Young old 60­75, old old (75­85) and oldest old (85 and over) Biological theories of aging Life expectancy is 77.6 Which is the fastest growing group? Cellular clock theory Free radical theory Hormonal stress theory Changes in the brain Plasticity declines Neuron number declines Physical changes in adulthood: Late Physical changes in adulthood: Late adulthood (60 and up) Vision Hearing Blind spot becomes larger Muscles become less effective Cumulative damage often becomes apparent now Men > women Loss of high frequency sounds Tinnitus Problems at large gatherings Taste, smell and touch Loss of sensitivity Physical changes in adulthood: Late Physical changes in adulthood: Late adulthood (60 and up) Circulatory system and lungs Sleeping patterns Satiety system shifts Rely more on external cues Motor skills More frequent wakings at night Naps during day Critical thinking break Eating patterns 40% decline in lung capacity Balance issues Fine motor control Sexual activity Physical changes in adulthood: Late Physical changes in adulthood: Late adulthood (60 and up) What are the behavioral effects of these physical changes? Alzheimer’s disease Alzheimer’s disease Severe dementia Slow progression Begins with subtle memory difficulties, repetitive conversations, and disorientation in unfamiliar settings Progresses to complete confusion and amnesia Disruptions to Communication Self­care Appetite Emotions Amnesia of Alzheimer’s disease Amnesia of Alzheimer’s disease Other forms of dementia Other forms of dementia Multi­infarct dementia Depression Small stroked causing dementia Can cause dementia like symptoms Dementia can have many other causes 10% of dementia cases are reversible Cognitive changes in adulthood: Cognitive changes in adulthood: Late adulthood (60 and up) Memory Episodic versus semantic memory Short term memory Vocabulary Wisdom and creativity Wisdom reflects the understanding of universal truths or basic laws or patterns Enhanced creativity Socioemotional changes in Socioemotional changes in adulthood: Retirement Retirement – average age is 62 Reasons for retirement Age Health Family Financial Work considerations Effects of retirement Income Health and attitudes Mobility Socioemotional changes in Socioemotional changes in adulthood: Erikson Ego integrity versus despair Ego integrity – one has lived a useful life Despair – meaninglessness in life Come to terms with one’s life and with death Reminiscence Socioemotional changes in adulthood Socioemotional changes in adulthood The successful aging paradigm What can one do to help him or herself successfully age? Staying healthy and able Retaining cognitive abilities Social engagement Productivity Life satisfaction ...
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This note was uploaded on 05/24/2011 for the course PSY 104 taught by Professor Lauralauzen-collins during the Spring '11 term at Moraine Valley Community College.

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