powerpoint _3 - birth - Birth and infancy Birth What...

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Unformatted text preview: Birth and infancy Birth What surprised you from the film? What Three stages Three Dilation and effacement of the cervix Delivery of the baby Birth of the placenta Newborn’s adaptation to labor and delivery delivery Newborn is exposed to dangerous Newborn conditions conditions Newborn can withstand these pressures Stress hormones are released Newborn’s appearance Newborn’s Avg – 20 inches long and 7 ½ pounds Head is large in relation to trunk and legs Legs are short and bowed Assessing the newborn’s physical condition condition The Apgar scale Get a rating of 0, 1 or 2 on each of five Get characteristics characteristics Made 1 minute after birth and again 5 Made minutes after birth minutes Approaches to childbirth Approaches Affected by society Tribal villages Well acquainted with child birth process Assisted by family Large western countries Before late 1800s Industrial revolution 1950s to 1970s Current Approaches to childbirth Approaches Natural or prepared childbirth Dick-Read and Lamaze techniques Classes Relaxation and breathing techniques Labor coach Social support • Fewer complications Approaches to childbirth Approaches Home delivery Popular in England, Netherlands, and Popular Sweden Sweden About 1% of North Americans Safety issues Labor and delivery medication Used in more than 80% of North American Used births births Epidural analgesia Birth complications Birth Oxygen deprivation Anoxia – inadequate Anoxia oxygen supply during the birth process birth Causes: Breech positioning Placenta abruptio Rh factor incompatability Birth complications Birth Preterm and low-weight infants Babies born 3 week or more before due Babies date or who weigh 5 and a half pounds or less At risk group What are the consequences for care What giving? giving? Birth complications Birth Interventions for preterm infants Special infant stimulation Auditory Touch Training parents in infant care giving skills Handling and caring for newborns Critical thinking break: Critical Reflect: Some object to the use of Reflect: extraordinary medical measures to save extremely low birth weight babies (less than 1 and a half pounds) because most who survive develop serious physical, cognitive and emotional problems. Do you agree or disagree? agree ...
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