powerpoint_8_-_middle_adulthood_1 - Middle Adulthood Middle...

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Unformatted text preview: Middle Adulthood Middle Adulthood 40­65 years old Changing midlife Changing midlife Time to reflect on what has been done Look forward in terms of time that remains The upper boundary of midlife is moving forward Boundary between 40­60 (or 65) Traditionally neglected in terms of research Physical changes in middle Physical changes in middle adulthood Visible signs of aging Height and weight Skin Hair Fingernails Individuals lose height Individuals gain body fat Strength and joints Muscle loss begins after age 50 Joints becomes stiffer Physical changes in middle Physical changes in middle adulthood Brain and nervous system Skeletal system Osteoporosis Vision Synaptic density declines at about age 30 Cognitive tasks stimulate large portions of the brain Sharpest decline between 40­59 years of age Presbyopia – lens of eye thickens Hearing Starts to decline at about age 40 Prebycusis – structures in inner ear gradually degenerate Other health trends Other health trends Sleep Total hours same Wakeful periods more frequent Less time spent in deep sleep Accidents Decline Colds and flu Decline Disease Disease Cardiovascular disease Cancer Risk factors include smoking, weight, inactivity, diet, alcohol, and heredity Diabetes Blood pressure increases Deposits on arteries increase Atherosclerosis – arteries become clogged with plaque (a fibrous or fatty substance Increasing proportion of adults How does the diagnosis of a serious physical disease change the life of an older individual? Reproductive changes for women in Reproductive changes for women in middle adulthood Menopause (average age 50) Three stages Premenopause Perimenopause Postmentopause Side effects of menopause? What are the effects and risks of hormone replacement therapy? Reproductive changes for men Reproductive changes for men during middle adulthood Male climacteric Reproductive capacity declines or is lost Testes shrink gradually over time Erectile dysfunction Slow lowering of testosterone Psychological changes? Cognitive changes in middle Cognitive changes in middle adulthood Use it or lose it principle The curve of decline depends on the amount that the individual exercises the skill Health and cognitive functioning General health Physical exercise Cognitive changes in middle Cognitive changes in middle adulthood Changes in memory Working memory Verbal memory Speed of processing Begins declining Small decline; < 1 second Cognitive changes in middle Cognitive changes in middle adulthood Intelligence New learning Highest Just as good as younger adults Critical thinking question: Why are middle­ aged adults often more successful in chool than younger adults? Cognitive changes in middle Cognitive changes in middle adulthood Expertise is strongest in middle adulthood Expertise having an extensive and highly organized knowledge and understanding of a particular domain Experts Rely on their accumulated experience Process information automatically Analyze information more efficiently More creative and flexible Socioemotional changes in adulthood: Socioemotional changes in adulthood: Generativity versus stagnation Generativity Stagnation making a valuable contribution to society by bringing up children or mentoring younger people in some way a pervading sense of stagnation and personal impoverishment as if they were their own one and only child Critical thinking question: How can generativity be established? Socioemotional changes in Socioemotional changes in adulthood Midlife crisis Mid­life squeeze http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YhXrHD7qWDk Emptying the nest http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iYw2_jt50pQ (The Big Idea) “Sandwich generation” Levenson – a constellation of difficult tasks at midlife Is this universal? When can this be viewed as a negative event? How can this be viewed as a positive event? The revolving door/ The Boomerang generation What are benefits and problems of this phenomenon? http://www.cbs.com/daytime/the_early_show/video/index.php?pid=_Sp9WW5_itjTXHFp0ABGT_Fsvz8qdPG1 Socioemotional development Socioemotional development Changes in work Changes in leisure time Work satisfaction high Quality of work performance high Reach peak in terms of earning and position A time of evaluation, assessment, and reflection Golden handcuffs can be an issue Expanded opportunities for leisure Preparation for retirement Effect of religion A significant increase in spirituality usually occurs between late middle and late adulthood Link to health ...
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