Premature babies, otherwise known as preterm babies, or preemies, are babies
are born earlier than the full-term of thirty-eight to forty-two weeks of
babies are generally born between the twentieth and thirty-eighth week.
babies, nearly seven percent of newborns, are premature(Golant 4).
with all the advances in technology, is still a major cause of fetal and neonatal
Actually, around seventy-five percent of perinatal deaths are due to a number of
associated with prematurity(Freeman 232).
Premature babies are very weak and
defenseless, and need to be hospitalized.
One reason for this is that a baby may
startled into shock by a loud sound or even bright light.
This occurs because many
have fully-developed senses and underdeveloped organs, which may become a problem,
since the brain may not be developed well enough to be able to distinguish these
senses, which causes the baby to panic and lose control of its actions.
The main underdeveloped parts of a premature baby are its organs, chiefly the
lungs and the brain.
The lungs are developed in the last few weeks of pregnancy,
the child is born before the thirty sixth week, he/she may require some special
Usually, the child is monitored closely for the first few weeks of its life, in
order to make
sure there is no problems with the breathing or any other function of its body.
premature baby will probably need supplemental oxygen to help it through the early
stages, but rarely will it need an actual respirator or other life-supporting
device on a full-
time twenty four hour basis.
In fact, giving the baby too much oxygen may
problems, such as damages to the eyes.
This is caused by a over-abundance of
the blood stream, which in turn causes the blood vessels of the eye to expand,
the eye. This problem is one of the main concerns when bearing a pre-term baby