Dreams - Psychology J January 13, 1997 DREAMS AND DREAMING...

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Psychology P January 13, 1997 J DREAMS AND DREAMING Dreams, a nightly gift and a part of the natural process of being alive, are being rediscovered by our publisher. b The meaning and value of your dreams will vary according to what you and your society decide. Our society is changing. s We used to only value dreams in the context of psychotherapy. There are also a few assumptions about dreams. One is a that you are always the final authority on what the dream means. Others can offer insight, suggestions and techniques for i exploration and expression, but no one knows what the final meaning and value of the dreams will be for you, except t you. Another assumption is that dreams come in the service of wholeness and health. If you find an interpretation that h does not fit this, perhaps you need to change methods of interpretation. Dream interpretations that lead you toward self- i criticism, depression or despair are simply wrong and if these conditions persist you may wish to seek help from others. y Finally, there is no such thing as a dream with one meaning. If you feel stuck on one meaning or feel another person is o pushing one meaning, it is time to reconsider your methods and approach. (Lemley p. 17). 1 Clinical dream work is done within the context of psychotherapy and clinical and sleep research have different a approaches and goals than peer dream work. (Koch-Sheras p.16). a A dream is a period of spontaneous brain activity usually lasting from about 5-40 minutes that occurs during sleep 5 several times a night usually about 90 minute intervals (Barret p.8). s There are also certain types of dreams. There are fantasy, daydream and waking dreams. There are also lucid w dreams, nightmares and night terrors. There are also certain stages in the dream cycle. In the first stage, your body c temperature drops, your eyes close and your brain waves begin regular alpha rhythms, indicating a relaxed state. Muscles r lose their tension, breathing becomes more even and your heart rate slows. Second, random images begin to float through
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r your mind mimicking the dream state. Jolting or involuntary movements will take place at this time. Third, muscles lose p all tightness, breathing becomes slower, heart rate decreases and blood pressure falls. At this point, it will take a loud f noise or disturbance to wake you up. You are now fully asleep. Finally, you are in a deep sleep. This is the most i physically rested period of sleep and longest in duration. (Time-Life Books p. 97). Jubera 2 J Whether awake or asleep, one of the brain's most critical functions is the construction of the model of the c environment that we perceive as our conscious experience (Barret p. 9). While we sleep, very little sensory input is s available, so the world model experience is constructed from what remains, contextual information from our lives, that is, c expectations derived from past experience, and motivations. As a result, the content of our dream is largely determined by
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This note was uploaded on 05/21/2011 for the course ACCT 101 taught by Professor All during the Spring '11 term at Kaplan University.

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Dreams - Psychology J January 13, 1997 DREAMS AND DREAMING...

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