Hyperkinetic is just another word for Hyperactive.
children who show numerous amounts of inappropriate behaviors in situations that
require sustained attention and orderly responding to fairly structured tasks.
Humans who are hyperactive tend to be easily distracted, impulsive, inattentive,
and easily excited or upset.
Hyperactivity in children is manifested by gross
motor activity, such as excessive running or climbing.
The child is often
described as being on the go or "running like a motor", and having difficulty
Older children and adolescents may be extremely restless or
They may also demonstrate aggressive and very negative behavior.
features include obstinacy, stubbornness, bossiness, bullying, increased mood
lability, low frustration tolerance, temper outbursts, low self-esteem, and lack of
response to discipline.
Very rarely would a child be considered hyperactive in
every situation, just because restraint and sustained attentiveness are not
necessary for acceptable performance in many low-structure situations.
parents rate the onset of abnormal activity in their child when it is and infant or
Abnormal sleep patterns are frequently mentioned, the child objects to
taking naps, he also seems to need less sleep, and becomes very stubborn at
Then, when the child is seemingly exhausted, hyperactive behavior may
Family history studies show that hyperactivity, which is more common in
boys than in girls, may be a hereditary trait, as are some other traits (reading
disabilities or enuresis-bed wetting).
Certain predisposing factors affect the
mother, and therefore the child, at the time of conception or gestation or during
Included are radiation, infection, hemorrhage, jaundice, toxemia,
trauma, medications, alcohol, tobacco, and caffeine.
The course of the syndrome
typically spans the 6-year to 12-year age range.
In many classrooms, children who
display inappropriate overactivity (restlessness, moving around without permission)
, attention deficits (distractible by task-irrelevant events, inability to sustain
attention to the task) , and impulsivity (making decisions and responses hastily
and inaccurately, interrupting and interfering with classmates and the teachers)
are likely to be identified as hyperactive.
The diagnosis of hyperactivity is
usually suggested when parents and teachers complains that a child is excessively
active, behaves poorly, or has learning difficulties.
However, there is no
specific definition or precise test to confirm that a child is hyperactive.
syndrome is most frequently recognized when the child cannot behave appropriately
in the classroom.
There are three characteristic courses.
In the first, all of
the symptoms persist into adolescence or adult life.
In the second, the disorder
is self-limited and all of the symptoms disappear completely at puberty.
third, the hyperactivity disappears, but the attentional difficulties and