· Indian Suffrage
Before the English arrived in the New world and began creating colonies, the
American Indians lived in harmony and peace with natures.
The American Indians
were skilled hunters, farmers and used everything in their environment for survival
or for essential necessities.
They shared the land together and moved about freely
in search of food.
The American Indians never considered the lands their property
because it's belong to God and no one have the right to buy, sell, nor own it.
However, Europeans has an opposite view of Indians beliefs, cultures, and use of
They viewed Indians as children, savage-uncivilized people in need of their
protection and salvation (Carroll and Noble: 30).
Therefore, they felt it is their
responsibility to civilize the Indian and put their lands into good uses.
American Indians suffrages and nightmares began.
The impact of American expansion has turned upon the Indians and confronted them
with social and economic crises never before experienced.
As a result, many tribes
torn apart, in many cases extinct, and their identity was lost.
Indians also lost
their original lands as a result of direct and indirect contact with the Europeans.
The whites wanted more lands for their developments, and because of this greed,
they created direct policies to clear the Indians off their lands.
one form of direct policy that the whites used to rob Indians of their lands was by
Then later the whites broke these treaties and forced Indian off
their lands by the Removal policy and claimed the lands as their property (Lowy:
There were many indirect methods that white used to rob Indians'
They use bribery, threats, and among countless other things to trick
Indians into giving up their lands.
They were often tricked into signing the land
cession treaties that they did not understand the negotiation and the language
(Lowy: Lecture 11/6).
In many ways, the United States policy toward Indian has been schizophrenic
because the laws never completely nor attempted to give Indians an opportunity to
progress and assimilate into American mainstream as an individual.
From time to
time, whites creates many policies, such as the reservation, relocation, and