Central Asia 2

Central Asia 2 - Population and Settlement o Most of the...

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Population and Settlement o Most of the region is sparsely inhabited o Pastoralists: people who raise livestock for subsistence purposes (the yak is common in Central Asia) o Highlands Population and Subsistence Patterns Only sparse vegetation can survive in this region Transhumance: seasonal movement of flocks from winter to summer pastures/meadows o Lowland Population and Subsistence Patterns Most of the population concentrated in zone where highlands meet the plains Alluvial fans: fan-shaped deposits of sediments dropped by streams flowing out of the mountains; a fertile area Population Issues Some portions of the region are growing at a moderate rate Growth in western China from migration of Han Chinese o Urbanization in Central Asia River valleys and oases have been partially urbanized for millennia (Ex. Samarkand and Bukhara, Uzbekistan) Conquest of the region by the Russian and Chinese empires started a new period of urbanization Today, urbanization increasing in northern Kazakhstan
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Central Asia 2 - Population and Settlement o Most of the...

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