European Union 1

European Union 1 - Treaty 5 Complex Organization o European Parliament o Council of Ministers o European Court of Justice o 27 EU Commissioners o

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1. Brief Historical Overview o The European Union is a constantly evolving economic and political organization whose entirely novel characteristics have caused considerable debate as to its legal nature o It has complex institutional structure and decision-making methods 2. Context for the birth of European Union o WW1 - 25 million dead o WW2 - 50 million dead o Nationalism - "the most deadly force in human history" o Economies decimated o Churchill calls for a "United States of Europe" 3. Constraining Germany o Germany was twice the aggressor, so to form an effective union, it was important to constrain the Germans and their aggression 4. Early Stages of the EU o May 9, 1950 - Robert Schuman, a French foreign minister, proposes a plan for a European Coal and Steel Community Treaty signed in 1951 o 1950s - European Atomic Energy Community Treaty, European Economic Community
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Unformatted text preview: Treaty 5. Complex Organization o European Parliament o Council of Ministers o European Court of Justice o 27 EU Commissioners o 7,000 Commission officials o European Council o European Central bank 6. Main Goals and Ideals o Promote peace, prosperity and stability o Foundational Ideals - liberty, democracy, respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms, and rule of law o To become a member, must have a functioning market economy 7. Question of Identity o A European Identity? • The Fontainebleau European Council of June 25 and 26, 1984, emphasizes the need to adopt measures designed to strengthen and promote the identity and the image of the European Community among its citizens and in the world and decides to set up an ad hoc committee to make preparations for and coordinate such activities...
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This note was uploaded on 05/23/2011 for the course GEOG 120 taught by Professor Whitmore during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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