Geog. 120 Notes 1

Geog. 120 Notes 1 - Introduction o Also called"Middle East...

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Introduction o Also called "Middle East" o Region is generally arid, Muslim, and most countries contain oil o Culture hearth - a reagion that witnesses many cultural innovations that subsequently diffuse to other parts of the world o Development of petroleum industry has had large impact on the region OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) - member countries profoundly influence global prices and production targets for petroleum o Islamic fundamentalism - this aspect of Islam that advocates return to more traditional practices, calls for merger of civil and religious authority, and challenges encroachment of global popular culture Environmental Geography o Long history of human settlement in the region has left a mark on environment… Deforestation and overgrazing Salinization of soils caused by centuries of irrigation o Managing water Iran's qanat system and Libya's "Great Man-Made River" tap groundwater Egypt's Aswan High Dam generates electricity o
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