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Oceania 2 - Multicultural Australia • Aboriginal Imprints...

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o The Oceanic Realm Creating Island Landforms Much of the region is seismically active; volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and tsunamis (seismically induced sea waves) are common Large islands are geographically complex Most Polynesian and Micronesian islands originated from volcanic activity on the ocean floor Patterns of Climate Many Pacific islands have abundant rainfall and cyclones High islands get more moisture than lower islands Limited stores of water may be depleted during dry season 2. Population and Settlement o Diverse Demographic Paths Low birthrates in Australia and New Zealand Rural-to-urban migration High birthrates in less-developed island nations of Oceania Smaller islands have less flexibility for expansion 3. Cultural Coherence and Diversity o
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Unformatted text preview: Multicultural Australia • Aboriginal Imprints Aborigines dominated Australia for thousands of years • Isolated bands of hunters and gatherers, with 250 languages European colonists pushed Aborigines to arid regions Today, Aborigines are Christian, work in cities, and most speak English o Cultural Patterns in New Zealand • Native Maori populations are more numerically important and culturally visible Comprise 15% of the country's population Otherwise, very similar to Australia o Mosaic of Pacific Cultures • Language Geography Most languages of Oceania are Austronesian Many different languages, some spoken by fewer than 500 people New Guinea may hold some of the world's few remaining "uncontacted peoples"...
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